Literacy in children starts from the time children are born. Parents are the very first teachers that a child learns from. Literacy starts at home, yet many children are not prepared for entering school and learning how to read.Studies show nine out of ten children who are poor readers in first grade have the probability of being poor readers in fourth grade (Wise, 2002).
Some of the challenges regarding literacy are due to factors such as socioeconomic status, literacy of the parents, race, or their environment and they could be resolved by implementing programs for:
- Parents and caregivers: educating them about the importance of early literacy learning
- Community: in local libraries and in collaboration with local school districts in identifying at-risk children
- Parents with literacy deficiencies so they can be prepared to teach their children
- Access to books in the home
- Low-income and non-English speaking families
Parents are the windows to the world to which the child sees and learns about society. Literacy is a social process; it is borne from social roots and depends on interactions among people in order to be learned, used, and passed on (Teale, 1999). For low-income parents or those who do not speak English, the opportunities for a richer learning environment are diminished. And while the racial and ethnic disparities are smaller than they were forty to fifty years ago, socioeconomic disparities in literacy skills are growing (Reardon, 2012).
Each different factor regarding literacy in children must be addressed according to the community’s needs. What are some other ways literacy can be addressed in the community?
For more helpful info: http://www.childrensliteracynetwork.org/
Reardon, S.F., Valentino, R.A., & Shores, K.A. (2012). Patterns of Literacy among U.S. Students. The Future of children, 22 (2), 17-37.
Teale, W. H. (1999). Libraries promote early literacy learning: ideas from current research and early childhood. Journal of youth services in libraries, 12 (3), 9-16.
Wise, S. (2002, August 1). Michigan State Board of Education Early Literacy Task Force Report. Retrieved from http://www.michigan.gov/documents/Final_ELTF_Report_37494_7.pdf